Mesopotamia, Kush, and Egypt

“Tomb Painting,” Egypt, ca. 1400 BCE, The British Museum #EA922, 1869.1025.4,

From 4000 BCE to 500 BCE, how did contact, trade, and other links grow among the urban societies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Kush, India, and the eastern Mediterranean?

Download Primary Source Set: Mesopotamia, Kush, and Egypt 

To investigate the connections among Egypt, Mesopotamia, and societies in the surrounding lands between 4000 and 500 BCE, the set contains sources about trade, conflict and conquest, and spread of technology, and it shows that connections generally grew more extensive. The items exchanged increased in type and quantity, although all were limited to either necessary raw materials (for the elite) or luxury items.