Was Slavery Always Racial?

Peale, Charles Wilson. Portrait of Yarrow Mamout, 1819, Philadelphia Museum of Art. https://www.philamuseum.org/collections/permanent/319114.html

Was slavery always racial?

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This set explores slavery on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century, with a focus on the changing concepts of what made a person a slave and what kinds of people could be enslaved. In the medieval Mediterranean, slavery was not based on race but on religion. Slavery became associated with race and skin color in the early modern Caribbean and Atlantic colonies.